There are several currently active separatist movements across Africa, either fighting for secession or independence or both. These struggles are sometimes marked by violence and mass arrests.
In Nigeria, most people of Igbo ethnic extraction are fighting for Biafra, with groups such as Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) and Movement for Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB).
Below is a list of other such groups across Africa:
1. Algeria - Kabyle
The ethnic group, Kabyles of Algeria are fighting for an Independent state named Kabylie. Their political party is the Movement for the Autonomy of Kabylie.
2. Angola - Lunda-Tchokwé
The ethnic group, the Lunda-Tchokwé of Angola are fighting for the Democratic Republic of Lunda-Tchokwé (República Democrática da Lunda-Tchokwé).
3. Cameroon - Calabars
The ethnic group, Calabars of Cameroon are fighting for the Democratic Republic of Bakassi, using the Bakassi Movement for Self-Determination. They also have a militant organization known as the Bakassi Freedom Fighters.
4. Republic of the Congo - South Congo
The ethnic group of the South Congo (Brazzaville) are fighting for their own State of South Congo using the pressure group: Provisional Assembly and governance of the State of South Congo.
5. Equatorial Guinea - Bubi
The ethnic group Bubi wants their own independent Bioko Island, their group is named the Movement for the Self-Determination of Bioko Island.
6. Kenya - Mombasa
The ethnic group Mombasa is fighting for a Mombasa Republic with their political group Mombasa Republican Council.
7. South Africa - Afrikaners
The ethnic group, Afrikaners are proposing an independent state of Volkstaat, using the Orania Movement and political party Freedom Front Plus.
PAY ATTENTION: Watch more videos on NAIJ.com TV
Meanwhile, in Nigeria, the leader of the Niger Delta Peoples Salvation Force (NDPSF), Alhaji Mujahid Dokubo-Asari and one of the arrowheads in the struggle to redress perceived injustice in the Niger Delta has said that Biafra will be independent whether some people in the country like it or not.
Watch this NAIJ.com video to see how Nigerians feel about the secession struggle: