On Wednesday, November 15, the president of Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe, was ousted out of power in a bloodless coup by the Zimbabwean military.
The military also arrested and detained Mugabe and his wife, Grace after the coup.
However, on the same day, Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa, was installed as the interim president of Zimbabwe.
1. Mnangagwa's rise to power:
Mnangagwa born on September 15, 1942, helped direct the 1970 Zimbabwe's war of independence. He later became the country's spy-master during the 1980 civil conflict.
He was the first vice president of Zimbabwe and was in power from December 12, 2014 to November 6, 2017, when he was dismissed by Mugabe for allegedly plotting against his government.
He later fled to South Africa after claiming alleged threat against him and his family.
2. Political appointments:
In 1980, Mnangagwa was appointed Zimbabwe's minister of state security. He later became the minister of justice in 1988 and in 2000 he was the speaker of the parliament in the country until 2005.
Between 2005 and 2009 he was made the minister of rural housing, a position largely seen by many Zimbabweans as a demotion for the 'crocodile'.
He was later elevated to the position of the minister of defence from 2009 to 2013 after a short time as a minister of finance.
However, in 2013, Mnangagwa served as the minister of justice, legal and parliamentary affairs before he was dismissed by the president for disrespect and disloyalty.
Mnangagwa was one of the most powerful figures in the ruling ZANU-PF party. He was also the head of the Joint Operations Command and was very influential in the government and state security institutions.
He was also the secretary of administration at ZANU-PF from July 2000 to December 2004 and later became secretary for legal affairs in 2004.
4. Education and training:
Mnangagwa completed his early education up to Standard 4 at Lundi Primary School in Mnangagwa Village, Zvishavane.
He later went to Mumbwa Boarding School from 1956 to 1957 where he completed his Standard 5 and 6. He later enrolled for a building course at Kafue Trade school.
He sat for an entrance examination and achieved a first class result which aided his enrollemnt into a four-year City and Guilds Industrial Building Course.
He was later expelled from college in 1960 for political activism which led to the burning of some property.
He had joined the UNIP student movement at the college and had already been elected into the executive.
He completed his ‘O’ and ‘A’ levels while in prison through correspondence following which he enrolled for a law degree. He wanted to register for a BSc Economics degree but instead took the law degree.
He successfully completed part one of the Intermediate Exams at Khami prison and passed at his first seating.
He sat for the final exams and passed again. In 1972 he sat for his final LLB examinations with the University of London and was admitted into the Bar of the High Court of Zambia in 1976.
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