He also said more than two million Nigerians were forced out of their homes during the same period.
Ekweremadu spoke in Abuja on Thursday at the second awareness workshop on Science and Technology organised by the National Institute for Legislative Studies.
He, therefore, said the hosting of the workshop was timely, stressing that it would enable the lawmakers that attended to have a grasp of the devastating effects of climate change.
He said, “I am pleased to observe that the hosting of this workshop is very timely and the theme presentations for the various sessions apt.
“For instance, the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) reported that last year, 13 states along the River Niger and Niger Delta areas were hard-hit by flooding.
“More than two million Nigerians were reported to have been forced from their homes and 363 people killed.
“This is a pointer of the menace of climate change and environmental degradation and one of the workshop sessions is devoted to applying scientific modelling in natural disaster mitigation.”
He said it was apparent that parliamentary institutions were increasingly faced with the challenge of addressing and dealing with the growing complex, highly technical and dynamic development issues.
The Deputy Senate President added that things were changing, adding that people now live in a period characterised by unprecedented changes in scientific and technological development.
He added, “In this context, the institutions of governance are expected to assume responsibility for and to deal with the increasing influence of science and technology, as it permeates even more areas of human life.
“This is the politics of knowledge and technology, in which scientists play a key role of providing policy-makers with scientific categories and standards.”
He said that recent debates and controversies at many parliaments on genetically modified foods, human cloning, genetic testing and therapy, new information technologies, or global warming were all striking examples of the increasing difficulties that parliaments face in fulfilling their mandate of law-making and oversight.
In Nigeria, he said a lot more needed to be done to stimulate and promote growth, application and sustainability of science and technology.
The workshop, which was organised by NILS in collaboration with the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy, was attended by 55 members of the National Assembly, made up of 16 Senators and 39 members from the House of Representative.