FIFA have received a complaint about alleged racist chanting by England fans during Tuesday's World Cup qualifier against San Marino.
Football Against Racism in Europe (FARE) have contacted the world governing body amid reports visiting supporters directed racist abuse at England defender Rio Ferdinand and his brother Anton.
"We have sent a report in relation to racist chanting towards Ferdinand and his brother," a FARE spokesperson said.
"It's under FIFA jurisdiction so in the end it's their decision whether they open proceedings or not."
It is thought Rio may have been targeted by some England fans angered by his decision to withdraw from Roy Hodgson's squad for the World Cup double-header against San Marino and Montenegro.
Ferdinand declined the opportunity of a first cap since June 2011 in order to follow a pre-planned fitness routine designed to help him manage his long-standing back problems.
The 34-year-old drew criticism from some fans when he then flew out to Doha to appear as a TV pundit for the San Marino match.